Islamic Calendar: Today we are going to have a little bit discussion about the Islamic Calendar/Hijri Calendar. Though we all know that Muslim community does not have the traditional occasion on the first day of every year. Whereas every other religion got their chance to celebrate the first day of a Year. However, we do not celebrate the new year as an occasion but we do acknowledge that time is passing through the air, and we do take some time to reflect our own moral values.
Islamic Calendar/Hijri Calendar
Basic Information of Islamic Calendar
The Islamic year is popularly known in the Muslim community as Hijri Year. The Calendar, Muslim community follows to acknowledge their months is known as Hijri Calendar. Hijri Calendar has Twelve (12) Month based on the Lunar system. But the most interesting part of Islamic Calendar or Hijri Calendar is that the months of the Islamic year’s is regulated by the spotting of the Crescent Moon.
History of Islamic Calendar
Do you want to know about something like so, when the Hijri Years was started counting ?? right? Yes!!! I know that I am going to tell about that to you. So, do you recall the events, when Muhammad SAW was sent Mecca / Makkah to Medina / Madinah?? Yes!! We all know about that event. Yes and?? Guess what!!! Yes, the year Rasul SAW was sent to Medina from Mecca by Allah, from that year Islamic Calendar was started counting. Do you know Umar Ibn Al-Khattab?? He was the person who introduced Islamic Calendar / Hijri Year to Muslim Community.
Importance and Significance of Islamic Calendar
For most of the Muslim country, Islamic Calendar is the official Calendar, such as Saudi Arabia. But the other Muslim country still now uses the Gregorian Calendar for their civil purpose and for the religious purpose they use Islamic Calendar.
The Hijri Year has twelve months as well but those are based on a lunar cycle. There are some verses in Quran, Allah says something regarding this,
The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year) – So ordained by him the day He created the heavens and the earth……” (9:36).
It is He who made the sun to be a shining glory, and the moon to be a light of beauty, and measured out stages for it, that you might know the number of years and the count of time. Allah did not create this except in truth and righteousness. And He explains His signs in details, for those who understand” (10:5)
For a detailed explanation of Islamic Year, Rasul Muhammad SAW said before his death in his Final Sayings among other things that, “With Allah, the months are twelve; four them are holy; three of these are successive and one occurs singly between the months of Jumaada and Shaban.”
List of Islamic Months
Now we are going to make a list of the months of Islamic Year. We should know one thing very clearly that, Islamic months begin at sunset on the first day, the day when the lunar crescent moon can be seen visually. The Islamic Year is approximately 354 days long. Due to this, the months of Hijri Year rotate backward through seasons and they are not static to the Gregorian Calendar. Islamic Year contains Twelve (12) Months and they are,
Islamic Months Name
Muharram (“Forbidden” – This month is one of the Four months through which it is prohibited to wage war or fight).
Safar (“Empty” or “Yellow”)
Rabi Ul-Awwal (“First Spring”)
Rabi Ul-Thani (“Second Spring”)
Jumada Al-Awwal (“First Freeze”)
Jumada Al-Thani (“Second Freeze”)
Rajab (“To Respect” – This month is also prohibited fighting or war due to its Holiness)
Sha’ban (“To Spread and Distribute”)
Ramadan (“Parched Thirst” – This is the month of Sacrifice by Fasting in Daytime)
Shawwal (“To Be Light and Vigorous”)
Dhu Al-Qidah (“The Month of Rest” – Another Month when no ware or fighting are acceptable)
Dhu Al-Hijjah (“The Month of Holy Hajj” – This month is known as the month of annual pilgrimage to Mecca, and in this month warfare or fighting is not allowed)
Finishing Words About Islamic Calendar
Every month of Islamic Year has some significance. For every month Allah and Rasul SAW taught us some prayer or rituals to perform. So that, Every Muslim can get a better chance to have them on the right path and get close to Allah. Every Muslim should perform some extra prayer for Allah in every month so that they can get to close to Allah.